As in so many past experiences, our hopes had been blasted, and the shadow of deep disappointment settled upon us. Boutwell will be reasonable enough to see the futility of massive resistance to desegregation.
I began thinking about the fact that I stand in the middle of two opposing forces in the Negro community. There have been more unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the nation.
Will we be extremists for hate or Letter from birmingham jail love? Before the pilgrims landed at Plymouth, we were here. To preserve the evil system of segregation. Far from being disturbed by the presence of the church, the power structure of the average community is consoled by the church's silent--and often even vocal--sanction of things as they are.
Its ugly record of brutality is widely known. And I am further convinced that if our white brothers dismiss as "rabble rousers" and "outside agitators" those of us who employ nonviolent direct action, and if they refuse to support our nonviolent efforts, millions of Negroes will, out of frustration and despair, seek solace and security in black nationalist ideologies--a development that would inevitably lead to a frightening racial nightmare.
Some have been dismissed from their churches, have lost the support of their bishops and fellow ministers. Never before have I written so long a letter. Before the pen of Jefferson etched the majestic words of the Declaration of Independence across the pages of history, we were here.
There can be no gainsaying the fact that racial injustice engulfs this community. Yes, I love the church.
We merely bring to the surface the hidden tension that is already alive. I felt that the white ministers, priests and rabbis of the South would be among our strongest allies.
My friends, I must say to you that we have not made a single gain in civil rights without determined legal and nonviolent pressure. I also hope that circumstances will soon make it possible for me to meet each of you, not as an integrationist or a civil-rights leader but as a fellow clergyman and a Christian brother.
In no sense do I advocate evading or defying the law, as would the rabid segregationist.
Augustine that "an unjust law is no law at all. To do the right deed for the wrong reason. This is difference made legal. They will be the James Merediths, with the noble sense of purpose that enables them to face jeering and hostile mobs, and with the agonizing loneliness that characterizes the life of the pioneer.
An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. The other force is one of bitterness and hatred, and it comes perilously close to advocating violence.
Jesus and other great reformers were extremists: Like many others, we waited to see Mr. Citing previous failed negotiations, King wrote that the black community was left with "no alternative. As an African American, he spoke of the country's oppression of black people, including himself.
Jenkins issued a blanket injunction against "parading, demonstrating, boycotting, trespassing and picketing. Any law that degrades human personality is unjust. The mayor was a segregationist and the police commissioner, Eugene "Bull" Conner was known for his hostile and sometimes violent treatment of blacks.Letter From Birmingham Jail Summary and Study Guide SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides for challenging works of literature.
This page guide for the short story “Letter From Birmingham Jail” by Martin Luther King, Jr. includes detailed a summary and analysis, as well as. Letter From Birmingham Jail study guide contains a biography of Martin Luther King, Jr., literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Letter From Birmingham Jail 1 A U G U S T 1 9 6 3 Letter from Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King, Jr. From the Birmingham jail, where he was imprisoned as a. In the spirit of King's iconic Letter fifty years ago, Letters to a Birmingham Jail calls us to contend with the slow, hard work of building a Christ-centered church—one that challenges us to do continual battle with the earthly divisions that diminish all who profess the name of Christ.
This book is essential reading/5(33).
16 April My Dear Fellow Clergymen: While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities "unwise and untimely.". By this time, King’s Letter from Birmingham Jail had begun to appear in publications across the country. Months earlier, Harvey Shapiro, an editor at The New York Times, had urged King to use.Download